The Ribagorza region is located in the central Pyrenees and is divided in different geological units running from north to south. The northern region is the highest region in the Pyrenees, the highest peaks being Posets (3,370 m) and Aneto (3,404 m). It is a dream destination for hikers and lovers of other mountain sports. High summits, glaciers, lakes, woods and ski resorts are waiting for you!
In the southern region, where the Cotiella and Turbón mountain ranges are located, numerous fossils can be found, which makes the Ribagorza region one of the most ideal study locations in the north of Spain.
However, the region is defined by its rivers, which give it its extraordinary beauty. The Ésera, Isábena and Noguera Ribagorzana rivers eroded the deepest canyons, such as the Olvena, Campo and Ventamillo canyons formed by the Ésera, the Obarra canyon formed by the Isábena and the Escales and Monrebei canyons formed by the Noguera Ribagorzana.
The first signs of human presence in the Ribagorza region date back to about 50,000 years ago, which is why the region is so rich with very diverse relics and artifacts. Prehistoric remains can be found at the archaeological sites of «Castilló de Plá» and «Las Forcas de Graus», the caves of Olvena, the megaliths of Arén, the menhir of Merli, etc.
The most important remains of the Roman culture can be found at the archaeological site of Labitolosa (near La Puebla de Castro), which was a very important urban nucleus during the Roman era and is now being excavated. The thermae and the remains of the chapel are already open to the public.
The Middle Ages have clearly left their mark on buildings and monumental towns: on the banks of the river Noguera Ribagorzana you will find Alaón (Sopeira) with a Roman monastery dating back to the X-XI centuries; Arén with a fascinating historical centre; Benabarre where ancestral mansions form an exquisite labyrinth of streets and alleyways; and Montañana, with its medieval structure, fortified area surrounded by city walls, ramps and porches dating back to the XII century.
In Roda de Isábena, the ancient Episcopal see with its cathedral, the construction of which started in the XI century, the cloister is particularly remarkable with inscriptions from the XIII century. The Romanesque wall paintings that decorate the sarcophagus of San Ramón date back to the same era and are a superb sculptural work of art. At a stones throw away, you will find the Obarra monastery, founded in the IX century and built at a location of the most extraordinary beauty.
Along the Ésera river, you will find Benasque, with exquisite buildings from the Renaissance and Gothic periods and an Aragonese Gothic church from the XVI century. At 5 km from Benasque, you will find Cerler and its ski resort.
At 14 km from Graus, you will find Torreciudad, sanctuary of the Opus Dei, which is a very important religious centre and the destination of many pilgrimages, and is included in the Marian route.
The temple of Dag Shang Kagyu in Panillo, was the first Buddhist monastery in Spain.